In this class exercise, we start with this quotation from Roger Lundin and Susan Gallagher’s Literature Through the Eyes of Faith.
In place of the long-standing Aristotelian view of metaphor as substitution, as a process in which poetic words ‘stand in’ for literal ones, we could perhaps say that the metaphorical process is one of interaction. When we use a metaphor, we say that one thing is another. We take a word from its conventional context and apply it to a new situation.
Group Work/Analytical Application: Identify and explain the metaphors below.
- With how sad steps, O moon, thou climb’st the skies!
How silently, and with how wan a face!
- But thy eternal summer shall not fade
Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow’st
- I love thee to the depth and breadth and height
My soul can reach, when feeling out of sight
For the ends of Being and ideal Grace.
Personal Application: Create a metaphor for each of the things listed below.
- Your mind
- Your heart
- The thing you most love to do
- Your relationship to school